To prevent soil settling, it is important that a retaining walls is properly designed. It is important to place the different components of the wall in a way that they are balanced and resist gravity. The base footing is also known as the heel and is generally more extensive than the other parts. The heel acts like a weight on the wall and provides support at the footing. The soil above the heel acts in the same way as the wall. This increases the restoring moment. The base slab is the foundation of the wall. This slab is made from heel and toe slabs. These slabs are horizontal cantilevers that support the earthfill weight. The retaining walls will look finished if the footing is the same thickness as its base. This feature allows for decorative and additional safety structures to be installed. A shear key is one of the most essential components of a retaining wall. Another important component of a wall is the material it is constructed from. The type of material used to construct a retaining walls will determine its strength and stress capacity. Concrete is the most common material, as it provides a stable base, but its load-bearing capacity is limited. Reinforced polystyrene is a load-bearing material that is more flexible. Cast iron is less durable, but can be walked on. The foundation of a retaining wall is the base slab. This consists of a base slab and a heel. The toe slab acts as a horizontal cantilever and resists pressure from the soffit and upwards. The earth fill adds stability and prevents the wall's overturning. Incorrect preparation of the foundation slab can lead to lateral settling. The base slab and toe slabs should be supported by the top and bottom slab of the wall. A retaining wall's components include its materials and shape. The fixed support is the footing. The stem is a free end connected to the base. This is the retaining wall part that supports soil. The stem is the structural junction. The next component of the retention system is the base footing. The base and the footing are the two main components of a retaining wall. The retaining wall is a barrier between the ground and the groundwater. The foundation slab must be placed above the base slab to prevent erosion. The base is the backfill side to the retaining wall. This side is the base. The main reinforcing steel should be located on the backfill side of the retaining wall. The building materials used in a retaining wall should be durable and able to withstand the load. There are many types to choose from when it comes to retaining walls. The smallest type is a cantilever and has a small width. The tallest cantilever retaining wall has a large footing that acts as a fixed support. Concrete foundations are another type of retaining walls. A retaining walls should be waterproof. The material used in a retaining wall is important to consider. The strength of a retaining wall depends on its material and its load-bearing capacity. Concrete is a good choice as it is strong, stable, and has a high load-bearing capability. It must be able to withstand high pressure. This is why reinforced polystyrene should be used. A retaining wall is composed of many components. The primary frame consists of individual posts or tubes. Concrete forms the base of a wall. Concrete does not have a lot of load-bearing capability. Its load-bearing capacity depends on its surface and the pressure it has on it. The working surface is the upper course. The grade of the ground above base is the working surface.